States Government Agencies
a bird's eye look at how nutrition policy and oversight is developed
and managed at the federal level, the links in this section are
invaluable. Those with the time and interest to "drill down" into
such organizations as the National Academy (chartered by Congress
in 1863) to the NIH and FDA will be rewarded with a fuller understanding
of the influence of government on dietary supplements. Recent political
and legislative trends toward deregulation in communications, transportation
and banking are now being reflected in health care and suggest the
ground swell of popular support that led to DSHEA is consistent
with current movement toward more open markets.
Trade Commission (FTC)
The FTC regulates advertising claims.
and Drug Administration (FDA)
The FDA regulates dietary supplements in accordance with the provisions
of DSHEA. In particular, this agency's Center for Food Safety
and Nutrition (CFSAN)
oversees dietary supplements.
and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine (IoM) at the National
Academy of Sciences (NAS)
This organization specifies the RDA and DRI dietary supplement
recommended intakes. From the NAS home page, either click on [search]
and type "Food and Nutrition Board" in the search space, or click
on the Institute of Medicine link and then the Current Projects
Institutes of Health (NIH)
NIH oversees the National Center for Complementary and Alternative
Medicine (NCCAM), formerly the Office of Alternative Medicine
(OAM), which has funded 13 research centers.
States Pharmacopoeia (USP)
A quasi-government organization, the USP establishes and disseminates
quality standards for the use of medicines. These standards are
published in the United States Pharmacopeia and the National Formulary
(USP-NF). The USP is a nonprofit corporation that functions as
a quasi-public institution whose standards are enforceable by
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).